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The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines (or simply the "University of Santo Tomas", "UST" or affectionately, "Ustê"), is a private Roman Catholic university run by the Order of Preachers in Manila. One of the world's largest Catholic universities in terms of population, it was founded on April 28, 1611 by the Spanish Reverend Miguel de Benavides. It has the oldest extant university charter in the Philippines. It is the oldest and the largest university in the city of Manila.
The University is composed of several autonomous faculties, colleges, schools and institutes, each conferring undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, and the basic education units. Several degrees have been accredited by the Commission on Higher Education as Centers of Development and Centers of Excellence.
The campus is located at Manila's Sampaloc district. Composed in an almost perfect square of 220,000 square meters, the present campus was settled on 1927 when the first campus at Intramuros district was deemed inadequate for the university's growing population. The university is at the process of adding new campuses at Sta. Rosa, Laguna, General Santos City and Negombo, Sri Lanka.
The athletic teams are the Growling Tigers, members of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines and are consistent winners of the Overall Championship. Prominent Thomasians include saints, Philippine presidents, heroes and religious figures, which have figured well in the history of the Philippines.
The foundation of the University is ascribed to the Most Reverend Miguel de Benavides, O.P., the third Archbishop of Manila. He came to the Philippines with the first Dominican mission in 1587. He went on to become bishop of Nueva Segovia, and was promoted archbishop of Manila in 1601. Upon Fr. Benavides’ death in July 1605, he bequeathed his library and personal property worth 1,500 pesos to be used as the seed fund for the establishment of an institution of higher learning. Fr. Bernardo de Santa Catalina carried out Fr. Benavides’ wishes and was able to secure a building near the Dominican church and convent in Intramuros for the College.
In 1609, permission to open the College was requested from King Philip II, which only reached Manila in 1611. On April 28, 1611, notary Juan Illian witnessed the signing of the act of foundation by Frs. Baltazar Fort, OP, Bernardo Navarro, OP, and Francisco Minado, OP. Fr. Fort, appointed that year to the post of Father Provincial, was its first Rector.
The Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario was established on April 28, 1611, from the library of the late Fray Miguel de Benavídez, O.P., then Archbishop of Manila. Later renamed Colegio de Santo Tomas, it was elevated by Pope Innocent X to a university on November 20, 1645 in his brief, In Supreminenti.. This made the university the second royal and pontifical university in the Philippines, after the Universidad de San Ignacio which was founded in 1590 but closed in the 1770s following the expulsion of the Society of Jesus from the Philippines.
Its complete name is the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines. It was given the title "Royal" by King Charles III of Spain on March 7, 1785; "Pontifical" by Pope Leo XIII on September 17, 1902 in his constitution, Quae Mari Sinico, and the appelative "The Catholic University of the Philippines" by Pope Pius XII on April 27, 1947.
The university was formerly located within the walled city of Intramuros in Manila. It was started by the Spanish Archbishop of Manila in the early 17th century as a seminary for aspiring young priests, taking its name and inspiration from Saint Thomas Aquinas, a Dominican theologian. The first courses offered by the Colegio de Santo Tomas were canon law, theology, philosophy, logic, grammar, the arts, and civil law. In 1871, it began offering degrees in Medicine and Pharmacy, the first in colonized Asia.
At the beginning of the 20th century, with the growing student population, the Dominican fathers bought land at the Sulucan Hills in Sampaloc, Manila and built its 220,000 square meter campus there in 1927 with the inauguration of its Main Building (said to be the first earthquake-proof building in the Philippines). Also that year, it began accepting female enrollees. In the last four centuries, the university grew into a full-fledged institution of higher learning, conferring degrees in law, medicine and various academic letters. The university has graduated Philippine national heroes, presidents, and even saints.
During World War II, the Japanese converted the campus into a concentration camp for civilians, foreigners and POWs. Some of the most brutal war crimes against American soldiers and civilians living abroad occurred in Santo Tomas.
In recognition of its achievements, a number of important dignitaries have officially visited the university, among them, during the last three decades: His Holiness Pope Paul VI on November 28, 1970; His Majesty King Juan Carlos I of Spain in 1974 and 1995; Mother Teresa of Calcutta in January 1977 and again in November 1984; Pope John Paul II on February 18, 1981 and January 13, 1995 (as part of the World Youth Day 1995).
Today the University has a total enrollment of approximately 38,000 students, 33,000 undergraduates and 5,000 students in Medicine, Law and the Graduate School. The University admits about 10,000 new students out of 50,000 applicants per year,roughly 20%.
The University SealEdit
The seal of the University of Santo Tomas is a shield quartered by the Dominican Cross. Superimposed on the cross is the sun of Saint Thomas Aquinas, patron of Catholic schools, after whom the university is named.
Encircling the Dominican cross are:
- On the upper left is the papal tiara, indicating that the UST is a pontifical university.
- The upper right shows the lion derived from the seal of Spain, indicative of royal patronage throughout the greater part of the university's centuries-old existence.
- The lower left is occupied by the sea lion taken from the seal of the City of Manila, the capital of the country, symbolizing the Republic of the Philippines.
- The rose on the lower right is a symbol of the Blessed Virgin Mary under whose patronage the university was placed from its very beginnings.
The symbols are rendered in gold (except for the Dominican cross which is black and white), and are set on a field of light blue, the Marian color.
The main campus of the University of Santo Tomas is at the City of Manila, occupying 220,000 square meters.
Upcoming campuses are at Sta. Rosa, Laguna, occupying 440,000 square meters (campus development in progress for 2011), General Santos City, 800,000 square meters (campus development in progress for 2011), and Negombo, Sri Lanka, 50,000 square meters (campus development in progress for 2011). In 2011, the University will be celebrating its 400th founding anniversary, and it is projected that the new campuses will be operational by then. Prominent landmarks in the Manila campus include: Template:Col-beginTemplate:Col-break
- Albertus Magnus Building (Educ Bldg)
- Alumni Park and the Tetraglobal (formerly known as the Colayco Park)
- Arch of the Centuries
- Beato Angelico Art Gallery
- Beato Angelico Building (CFAD and Architecture Bldg.)
- Benavides Building
- Miguel de Benavides Monument
- Plaza de Benavides "Lovers' Lane"
- Plaza Mayor
- Quadricentennial Square
- Rector's Hall
- Roque Ruaño Building (Engineering Building)
- Saint Martin de Porres Building (Medicine Building)
- Saint Raymund de Peñafort Building (AB/Commerce Building)
- The Cross
- Tinoco Park
- Tria Haec statues
- UST Alfredo M. Velayo College of Accountancy Building, and multi-deck carpark
- UST Botanical Garden
- UST Central Library
- Miguel de Benavides Library (formerly, UST Central Library)Template:Col-break
- UST Grandstand
- UST Gym
- UST Health Service - the "University Ward" of USTH
- UST Hospital (USTH)
- UST Hospital Clinical Division
- UST Hospital Miguel de Benavidez Cancer Institute
- UST Main Building
- UST Main Field
- UST Medical Arts
- UST Medicine Cinematorium
- UST Medicine Museum
- UST Museum of Arts & Sciences
- UST Publishing House
- UST Santisimo Rosario Parish
- UST Seminary Gymnasium
- UST Sports Complex
- UST STePs (Santo Tomas e-Providers and Services)
- UST Tan-Yankee Student Center
- UST Thomas Aquinas Research Complex (TARC)Template:Col-end
Aside from the basic and major subjects, all undergraduate students are required to take 15 units of Theology classes. The students are also required to attend 4 physical education classes, and a choice from among ROTC, civil welfare training service, and literacy training service.
The UST Grade School was phased out in the early 2000s, in spite of protests from parents. It originally offered a six-year elementary education and preparatory education.
All students of these institutions undergo Citizenship Advancement Training. This training aims to introduce students to the National Service Training Program that college students undergo.
The different faculties, colleges and institutes of the University were created at different times in the University's history. The "Faculties" were founded before the American occupation of the early 20th century, while the "Colleges" were founded during and after American rule. The "Institutes" and "Departments" are found within their mother faculties/colleges. Some Institutes that attained enough enrollment were separated from their mother faculties/colleges and were made into colleges in their own right.
- Electronics and Communication Engineering
- Medical Technology
Template:Col-break Centers of Development
- Business Administration
- Civil Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Industrial Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- College of Education
The degree programs for undergraduate studies were first offered in 1611, where the Faculties of Sacred Theology and Philosophy were founded. The Faculty of Canon Law was founded in 1733. These three original faculties are now known as the Ecclesiastical Faculties, to distinguish them from the Secular Faculties and Colleges that were founded later. The Eccesiastical Faculties are housed at the Seminary and at the Santisimo Rosario Parish.
The Faculty of Medicine & Surgery together with the Faculty of Pharmacy were founded on the same year in 1871. The Faculty of Pharmacy offers Bachelor of Science degrees in Biochemistry, Medical Technology, and Pharmacy. The Faculty of Medicine & Surgery is located at the St. Martin de Porres building, while the Faculty of Pharmacy is located at the Main Building. 
The Faculty of Philosophy and Letters was founded in 1896. It was merged with some programs of the College of Liberal Arts in 1965 hence renaming the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters as the Faculty of Arts and Letters (the College of Liberal Arts was renamed the College of Science). The Faculty of Arts and Letters offers the Bachelor of Arts (AB) degrees, in Asian Studies, Behavioral Science, Communication Arts, Economics, Journalism, Legal Management, Literature, Philosophy, Political Science, and Sociology. Arts and Letters also offers the Bachelor of Arts-Bachelor of Secondary Education major in Social Sciences/Studies as a double degree with the College of Education. Arts and Letters is located in the St. Raymond de Peñafort building. Its students are known as "Artlets" (previously "Philets"). The departments of Literature and Philosophy are Centers of Excellence.
In 1907, the Faculty of Engineering was founded. Currently it offers the Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Industrial Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. Computer Science, Information Management, and Information Technology degrees were transferred to it from the College of Science. The department of Electronics and Communications Engineering is named as one of the Centers of Excellence by the Commission on Higher Education. The Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering programs, on the other hand, are the Centers of Development. Engineering is located at the Roque Ruano building, named after the priest-engineer Roque Ruano, O.P. For practical purposes, Roque Ruano is called the "Engineering building."
The College of Education, which was founded in 1926, offers the Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education major in Pre-School or Special Education, Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education with majors in Biology-Chemistry, Biology-General Science, Social Studies, English, Mathematics, Physical Education, Health and Music, Religious Education, or Social Guidance, the Bachelor of Library and Information Science, the Bachelor of Science in Food Technology, and Nutrition and Dietetics. In conjunction with Arts and Letters, it also offers AB-BSE Major in Social Sciences/Studies. Education is one of Centers of Development in the University. The college is located at the Albertus Magnus building.
The College of Science, which was founded in 1926, offers the Bachelor of Science degree in Applied Physics major in Instrumentation, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics major in Actuarial Science, Microbiology (the only such program in the Philippines), and Psychology. Chemistry is a Center of Excellence, while Biology is a Center of Development. The College also offered a degree in Zoology, but was later abolished. The College of Science is located at the UST Main Building.
The College of Architecture, which was founded in 1930, offers the Bachelor of Science in Architecture. Later on, after adding a fine arts program the college was called College of Architecture and Fine Arts By the year 2000, the Fine Arts program was elevated to a separate college. Architecture is located at the Beato Angelico building. The architecture department is a Center of Excellence.
In 1933, the College of Commerce was created. Commerce offers the Bachelor of Science in Commerce with majors in Business Administration and Economics (not to be confused with the AB Economics being offered by Arts and Letters). On 2005, the accountancy program was transferred to the new Alfredo M. Velayo College of Accountancy (see below). Commerce is located at the St. Raymund de Penafort building together with Arts and Letters. The Business Administration program is a Center of Development.
The Conservatory of Music, founded in 1945, offers the Bachelor of Music degree, with majors in Keyboard (Piano, Harpsichord, Organ), Music Education, Voice, Strings and Guitar, Woodwind, Brasswind, Percussion, Composition Theory, and Conducting. It is found at the Albertus Magnus building. The Conservatory is a Center of Excellence.
The College of Nursing was founded in 1946. It currently offers Bachelor of Science in Nursing program, which is a Center of Excellence. Nursing is at the St. Martin de Porres building.
The College of Rehabilitation Sciences (CRS), founded in 1974, offers the Bachelor of Science degrees in Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, and the Bachelor in Sports Science degree. Like Nursing, CRS is at the St. Martin de Porres building. 
The College of Fine Arts and Design was separated from the College of Architecture in 2000. It offers the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree with majors in Advertising, Industrial Design, Interior Design, and Painting. The Beato Angelico building is the home of college.
The Alfredo M. Velayo College of Accountancy was separated from the College of Commerce on November 2004. Named after one of its renowned alumnus, Alfredo M. Velayo, one of the three founding members of the Sycip-Gorres-Velayo auditing firm, the college houses students who are enrolled in the Accountancy course. With the aid of its alumni foundation, the college is now housed in its own building that was inaugurated on June 2006.
Institutes and departmentsEdit
The Institute of Physical Education and Athletics (IPEA) an independent college intended for the elevation of sports and athleticism in the university. Situated at the once known as the biggest structure in the country, the historic UST Gym, home of the Champions.
The Institute of Tourism and Hospitality Management was separated from the College of Education in 2006. It offers the Bachelor of Science degree in Hotel and Restaurant Management and Tourism.
The Department of Military Science & Tactics (DMST) was later on integrated to the NSTP (National Service Training Corps) program of the University. It provides adequate learning in the military arts in preparation for Thomasians in entering into military Service. The ROTC Department is under the DMST.
As early as the 17th century post-graduate programs have been offered in the University of Santo Tomas through its various Faculties and Colleges.
Faculty of Civil LawEdit
The UST Faculty of Civil Law was the first secular faculty. Although the Faculty offers the Bachelor of Laws degree, it is considered as a post baccalaureate degree, as it requires applicants to either have a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree. Civil Law resides in the UST Main Building. The Faculty of Civil Law has produced four Philippine Presidents and six Chief Justices of the Philippines. It also has a Legal Aid clinic named after one of its illustrious alumni, Chief Justice Roberto Concepcion.
A law student needs to finish at least a four year degree course before being admitted to the Faculty. He must then maintain an avereage of at least 78 in his freshman year to be readmitted to the succeeding year. The required minimum grade increases as the year level progresses (79 for the second year, 80 for the third year and 81 for fourth year). During the third year of stay in the Faculty and after finishing all the law subjects, the student is required to engage in an internship program of at least 200 hours before being admitted to the fourth year, wherein he will then be required to undergo an oral examination or revalida and at least two major examinations to be able to complete the whole program. Upon graduation, the student will be qualified to become a bar candidate that will be eligible to take the bar examinations in the Philippines.
The Faculty is one of the top performing schools in the history of the Philippine bar examinations. It has produced four Philippine Presidents, three Philippine Vice Presidents, six Supreme Court Chief Justices, and several law deans in the country.
Faculty of Medicine and SurgeryEdit
The UST Faculty of Medicine and Surgery was founded in 1871. Medicine and Surgery offers the Doctor of Medicine degree which is a post baccalaureate degree.
The national hero of the Philippines, Jose Rizal, studied here before moving to Madrid Central University to complete his studies. Graduates of the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery rank among the top scorers in the medical licensure exams, and the Faculty boasts a high passing rate overall.
In 2001, the Faculty adopted the problem-based learning method for use in the curriculum. This was highly controversial, as many professors complained that students were not learning the basic sciences adequately. Eventually, in 2003 the curriculum was changed again, this time to an innovate format which combined elements of both traditional (lecture-based) and problem-based methods.
The Faculty is known for giving its fourth-year students a series of written and oral exams known as the "revalida". In the oral exams, groups of three students each are questioned by panels composed of three professors on basic, clinical, and emergency medical sciences. Passing the revalida is a prerequisite to graduation.
The Faculty is a Center of Excellence. It has been consistently producing topnotchers in the annual national licensure exams for Filipino physicians. It is also the alma mater of numerous Secretaries of Health of the Philippines, as well as several Presidents of the Philippine Medical Association, the national organization of medical doctors in the country.
In 1938, the UST Graduate School was established to administer and coordinate all the graduate programs in the University. The Graduate School academic programs have grown to 90 course offerings, spanning about seven clusters of disciplines. Today the UST Graduate School is recognized as a Center of Excellence in several fields of the Arts and Humanities, Allied Health Sciences, Natural Sciences, and Engineering by the Commission on Higher Education.  Its programs in business, public management, and education were also recognized by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), Fund for Assistance of Private Education (FAPE)- Evaluation of Graduate Education (EGEP).
- Archivo de la Universidad de Santo Tomas (UST Archives)
- Center for Audiological Sciences
- Center for Creative Writing and Studies
- John Paul II Center for Ecclesiastical Studies
- Center for Drug Research, Evaluation and Studies
- Health Sciences Research Management Group
- Miguel de Benavides Cancer Institute
- Educational Technology Center
- Center for Professional Development and Consultancy
Research centers at the Thomas Aquinas Research Center:
- Center for Applied Ethics
- Center for Conservation of Cultural Property and Environment in the Tropics
- Center for Educational Research and Development
- Center for Intercultural Studies
- Center for Research on Movement Science
- Research Center for the Natural Sciences
- Social Research Center
- UST Psychotrauma Clinic
University Research Office:
- UST Office of Research and Development
College Affiliated Research Offices/Units"
- Marcelo G. Casillan Sr. Quadricentennial Research Office (at the Faculty of Arts and Letters)
- Dr. Hubert Wong, Learning Resource Unit (at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery)
- Nursing Learning Resource Unit (at the College of Nursing)
- Graduate School Learning Resource Unit (at the Graduate School)
- Office of Graduate Research (at the Graduate School)
- Beato Angelico Art Gallery (at the College of Architecture and College of Fine Arts)
Proposed Research Units:
- Tubugan Research Post
- Center for Journalism Excellence (proposed)
- Rapid Eye Disensitization Center - UST Psychotrauma Clinic
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