Theology of Worldviews
Class Notes for:
Bible Worldviews (12) (ELCA)

Christian TheologyEdit

Important TermsEdit

  1. Theism - Belief in a supernatural God.
  2. General Revelation - God communication (through nature and conscience) regarding His existence.
  3. Special Revelation - God's more specific communication (through the Bible and Jesus Christ) about salvation and His nature
  4. Trinitarian Theism - The belief in one God who exists as three separate persons (God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit)
  5. Argument from Design- Argument that purports that if something exists that is designed, then it has a designer.


God as JudgeEdit

  • God does not take pleasure in the judgement of the wicked. (Ez. 33:1)
  • The wicked must be judged because God is holy. (Jude 15)

God as RedeemerEdit

  • God's love is sacrificial!
  • God's love is universal!
  • God's love is beneficial!
  • God's love is gracious!

Islamic TheologyEdit

Important TermsEdit

  1. Quran - It is the literal word of God (Allah). Must be read in Arabic.
  2. Hadith - The tradition of the teachings, rulings and actions of Muhammad and his early chief companions.
  3. Unitarian Theology - The belief in one God in one person.
  4. Monotheism - The belief in one God.


  • Muslims believe that Islam is the original faith.
    • Christian and Jews have distorted the original faith.
  • One of the most profound Islamic claims is that Islam fulfills Christianity as Christianity fulfills Judaism.
  • Islam deny's the crucifiction of Christ. (The Woman 4:157-158)
  • Islam deny's the Trinity. (The Woman 4:171)

Secular HumanismEdit

"Humanism cannot in any fair sense of the word apply to one who still believes in Fos as the source and creator of the universe."
- Paul Kurtz

Important TermsEdit

  1. Atheism - The denial of the existence of a supernatural God.
  2. Humanism - The belief that humanity is the highest of all beings and truth an knowledge rests in science and human reason.

Humanistic TheologyEdit


  • What About God?
    • Children's Book about questioning whiether God exsists.
  • Classics of Free Thought
    • Written to "keep atheism before the public"
  • Critiques of God
    • "Without God what is left? Man and the Universe. That should be enough. That has to be enough. Because that's all there is."


Humanist Theology, start to finish, is based on the denial of God and the supernatural. This denial, however, leads the Humanist to another necessary theological conclusion: Humanity is the Supreme Authority.

Marxist-Leninist TheologyEdit

“Religion is opium for the people. Religion is a sort of spiritual booze…”
– Lenin
“Man is the highest being for man”
– Marx


The Communist Manifesto was first published on February 21, 1848 and is one of the world’s most influential political tracts. The manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Friedrick Engels.

The Atheists Handbook (1959) – attacks the Bible, Qur’an, Christianity and Islam. Science has proven that Christ did not exist and the Apostle Paul turns out to be a mythical character.

“We want to sweep away everything that claims to be supernatural and superhuman , for the root of all untruth and lying is the pretension of the human and the natural to be superhuman and supernatural. For that reason we have once and for all declared war on religion and religious ideas and care little whether we are called atheists or anything else.”
– Marx, Engels

“The problem with communism is not an economic problem. The problem with communism is the problem with atheism.”
– Dostoevsky

Cosmic-Humanist TheoryEdit

“What is God? God is the interlinking of yourself with the whole.”
– Kevin Ryerson
“There is only one quest, and once you know the answer to that question there are no more to ask… Who am I? And to that question there is only one answer – I AM GOD!”
– Meher Baba


The Cosmic Humanist sees Christ’s life as important only in the sense that it showed humanity to be capable of achieving perfection, even godhood. Jesus is looked on as one of a select company, having achieved Christ consciousness. Every person is encouraged to achieve this same level of consciousness.

According to the New Age movement, the body may pass away, but the soul will continue its quest for godhood in other bodies. This is what some call reincarnation.

Important TermsEdit

  1. Pantheism – the belief that god is in everything and everything is god.

Postmodern TheologyEdit

Important TermsEdit

  1. Death of God Theology – a movement that flourished during 1960’s and 1970’s, essentially promoting the idea that religion did not need to invoke “GOD” in the area of theology. (Made famous by Nietzsche and Foucault)
  2. Religious Pluralism – the conviction that we should be tolerant of all religious beliefs, because no one religion can be true.

Emergent ChurchEdit

Emergent Church – a relatively new movement of Christians who are incorporating elements of postmodernism within their theology

Pro’s of the Emergent Church:Edit

  1. a critique of negative aspects of postmodernism
  2. a strong emphasis on putting one’s faith into action

Con’s of the emergent church:Edit

  1. Denial of the Bible’s inerrancy
  2. A skepticism of foundational knowledge
  3. An orthodox that is perhaps too generous
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