History of Worldviews
Bible Worldviews (12) (ELCA)
Basic History of ChristianityEdit
Authenticity of ScriptureEdit
Dead Sea ScrollsEdit
- Founded in 1947
- Quern Cave
- The complete text of Isaiah
- Earliest manuscripts that have ever been found
New Testament Copies FoundEdit
- 5300 Greek New Testaments
- 10000 Latin New Testaments
- 9300 Other Early Manuscripts
- 633 Homer's Iliad (comes second)
"the competence of the New Testament documents would be established in any court of law."
- Simon Greenleaf (Harvard University, Cambridge)
Historicity of ChristEdit
- A.D. 93 Josephus refers to Jesus twice in the Antiquities of the Jews.
- Tacitus A.D. 112 wrote of Jesus (Christ's) and of His followers called Christians.
Resurrection and HistoryEdit
- The mention of major historical figures in the Gospels
- 500 people witnessed the resurrection Christ.
- First Corinthians 15:6
- Transformation in the lives of Christ's disciples lives!!!
- Scared to Courageous!
- Eleven of the thirteen disciples were martyred
Purpose in HistoryEdit
- Creation, Fall, Redemption
- Linear Conception of History
- Creation (Beginning)
- Restoration (Directed by God towards a specific end)
- "Direction, as always, comes from God"
Basic History of IslamEdit
History of IslamEdit
- Muhammad the founder and prophet of Islam was born circe A.D. 570
- Extremely "religious"
- (A.D. 610) Muhammad believes he was visited by the angel Gabriel
- He went away to think.
- He believed that he was visited by the massager Gabriel.
- Began to write the Koran.
- (A.D. 622) Muhammad disagreed with the worship of tribal deities. This led to a clash and migration to Medina. (Hijra)
- He struggled with the idea of idol worship.
- Believed in monotheism.
- Led to a "civil war" of religion and fled to Medina.
- (A.D. 629) Muhammad and 10,000 followers capture Mecca and establish Islam.
Division of IslamEdit
- Leader of Islam is the be elected by popular vote
- 80% of Muslims worldwide
- Leader should be from the bloodline of Muhammad
- Mystical and spiritual side of Islam
- Islam - Submission
- Muslim - One who submits
- Historical Determinism - History is not made up of chance happenings, but that Allah superintends history throughout time.
- Striving in the way of the Lord (Allah)
- A divine institution of warfare to extend Islam into the Dar al-hard or to defend Islam from danger.
- While it may be only a fraction of Muslims are expressive militants, a much larger number manifest emotional, vocal, and monetary support of Jihad
- September 11, 2001 shaped our view of Islam in the modern age.
III. Basic History of Secular-Humanism "Man's destiny is to be the sole agent for the future evolution of the planet" –Julian Huxley A. Historical Evolution 1. History is to be understood in terms of unguided evolution and the guidance of human ingenuity and intelligence. B. Who shapes history? 1. Humanist Manifesto II teaches that humanity is a dynamic force in history. "no deity will save us." 2. Ideologies Shape History a) Humans in and of themselves do not shape history rather their ideologies do. Ideologies evolve and certain ideologies are more effective than others. Some ideologies are no longer relevant. C. Evolution of Man 1. "New species will not come out of a painfully slow random process of biological evolution, but though the rapid and guided advances in Technology." D. Humanist are optimistic because: 1. The belief that life evolved from non-life to life and evolving upward and onward for 3.6 billion years. 2. They deny the existence of God, "there is no room for the supernatural" a) No Heaven or Hell b) No Ultimate Hope Hope comes from oneself and, therefore, there is no hope. IV. Basic History of Marxism-Leninism A. Historical Materialism ‚Äì The methodological approach to the study of society, economics and history that looks for the developments and changes in human societies through economic analysis. B. Economical Determinism ‚Äì Economics is the major driving force in History C. Communism is Inevitable 1. Salvation for the Marxist lies in the consummation of the historical process in a one-world utopia. "My government shall supply my mean. Government shall control everything, every aspect of life." 2. "Communists must know that the future belongs to them." - Lenin D. Dialectic Applied to History 1. Thesis ‚Äì Bourgeoisie ‚Äì High/Upper Class 2. Antithesis ‚Äì Proletariat ‚Äì Working Class 3. Synthesis ‚Äì Communism ‚Äì Equal? The Synthesis becomes the Thesis. When one has a new thesis, one has a new antithesis as well. V. Basic History of Cosmic Humanism "God wants us to become Himself (or Herself, Itself). We are growing towards godhood. God is the goal of evolution, it is God who is the source of the evolutionary force and God is the final destination. This is what we meant when we say that He is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end." – Scott Peck A. Evolutionary Godhood – The belief that the divine is the source of evolutionary force and that we are going towards godhood. B. Irrelevance of Christianity 1. According to Cosmic Humanism, the cosmic process is an evolution from religion to religion. 2. The Christian Worldview might have helped us in our quest for godhood a thousand years ago, but today is hopeless outdated. VI. Basic History of Post-Modernism The Anti-Worldview Worldview A. Historicism – The view that past beliefs morals and truths can only be understood in relation to cultural/historical periods in which they arose. 1. History is Fiction a) If history is fiction, then Mother Theresa and Adolf Hitler cannot be used as examples of good and evil. b) There are no facts! There are only various degrees of fiction. 2. Historicism and the doctrine of the fiction of history forms a paradox. B. Revisionist History – Rewriting the past to serve an ideological purpose to empower oppressed social groups. C. Nihilism – The belief that life has no ultimate meaning. There is truly no hope.
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